This book is about one of the most baffling of all paradoxes--the famous Liar paradox. Suppose we say: qWe are lying now.q Then if we are lying, we are telling the truth; and if we are telling the truth we are lying. This paradox is more than an intriguing puzzle, since it involves the concept of truth. Thus any coherent theory of truth must deal with the Liar. Keith Simmons discusses the solutions proposed by medieval philosophers and offers his own solutions and in the process assesses other contemporary attempts to solve the paradox. Unlike such attempts, Simmons' qsingularityq solution does not abandon classical semantics and does not appeal to the kind of hierarchical view found in Barwise's and Etchemendy's The Liar. Moreover, Simmons' solution resolves the vexing problem of semantic universality--the problem of whether there are semantic concepts beyond the expressive reach of a natural language such as English.An Essay on Truth and the Diagonal Argument Keith Simmons ... PRAGMATIC AND SEMANTIC ASPECTS We may distinguish two components of the singularity proposal: a pragmatic component and a semantic component. The two mainanbsp;...
|Title||:||Universality and the Liar|
|Publisher||:||Cambridge University Press - 1993-07-30|