Since the early 1900s, the trucking industry has grown from a small segment of the transportation sector to a major role in the distribution of goods throughout the country. Advances in truck technology and improvements in highway design and construction have made trucks and trucking much safer over the years. However, by the 1970s, carnage on American highways was growing and trucks were contributing to the problem. One of the policies intended to reduce accidents and fatalities caused by trucks was the Commercial Motor Vehicle Act of 1986. The act created federal guidelines for states to follow when issuing a commercial drivers' license. All commercial drivers handling equipment weighing over 26, 000 pounds were required to meet federal qualifications for the license. The intent of the law was to increase highway safety by reducing fatalities. This intention was tested by using time series regression over the period from 1975 to 2006 to determine if fatalities and fatal crashes had been reduced. The results indicate that fatalities were reduced by at least 13% and fatal crashes were reduced by 14% at a minimum. Those reductions represent economic benefits of $40 million annually.(Childs, 1985, 113) While common carriers had embraced the new codes at the beginning, some began to have ... those who owned and drove a single truck, openly violated the codes simply to stay in business (Thomas, 1979, 82). ... Meanwhile the ATA stuck to its position of private regulation through code provisions.
|Title||:||The Trucking Industry and the Implementation of the Commercial Driver's License|
|Author||:||Robert M. Dick|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2008|