A leading M.I.T. social scientist and consultant examines five professions--engineering, architecture, management, psychotherapy, and town planning--to show how professionals really go about solving problems.The best professionals, Donald SchApn maintains, know more than they can put into words. To meet the challenges of their work, they rely less on formulas learned in graduate school than on the kind of improvisation learned in practice. This unarticulated, largely unexamined process is the subject of SchApnas provocatively original book, an effort to show precisely how areflection-in-actiona works and how this vital creativity might be fostered in future professionals.Having considered asample of professional fields and having studied episodesof reflectioninaction ineach of them, we are now in ... bothbe seen asvariations onthis underlying process, andinthe subsequent chapters onthe sciencebased professions, planning, ... In some cases, the initialproblem is framed asa problem of making something (a semiconductor amplifier, a higherabsorbency paper product);anbsp;...
|Title||:||The Reflective Practitioner|
|Author||:||Donald A. Schon|
|Publisher||:||Basic Books - 2008-08-06|