The early 1990's witnessed tremendous political and economic changes throughout the world. The collapse of the Soviet Union discredited the viability of authoritarian regimes throughout the globe, and, in a number of cases, replaced them with governments determined to enact pro-democratic, liberal reforms. The main goal of this paper is to lay down the first foundation for constructing a cross-regional theory of democratization and regime change in the post-Cold War wave by integrating Sub-Saharan Africa and the Postcommunist Space into one theoretical framework. Through the use of OLS regression and a number of case studies, I attempt to show that despite the ostensible incomparability of these two regions, the factors conditioning regime change in both regions are the same. More specifically, opposition cohesion and a vibrant civil society at the time of the first multiparty elections are crucial elements driving successful democratization in the post-Cold War wave.However, recent scholarship shows that in postcommunist and African states, elite splits were not the main impetus ... presence or absence of civil liberties, only for institutionalized political freedom, (Polity IV Project Data Usera#39;s Manual, 13).
|Title||:||The Post-Cold War Wave of Democratization: Regime Transitions in Sub-Saharan Africa and Postcommunist States Compared|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2008|