This authoritative volume provides a comprehensive review of the origin and evolution of planetary nebulae. It covers all the stages of their evolution, carefully synthesizes observations from across the spectrum, and clearly explains all the key physical processes at work. Particular emphasis is placed on observations from space, using the Hubble Space Telescope, the Infrared Space Observatory, and the ROSAT satellite. This book presents a thoroughly modern understanding of planetary nebulae, integrating developments in stellar physics with the dynamics of nebular evolution. It also describes exciting possibilities such as the use of planetary nebulae in determining the cosmic distance scale, the distribution of dark matter and the chemical evolution of galaxies. This book provides graduate students with an accessible introduction to planetary nebulae, and researchers with an authoritative reference. It can also be used as an advanced text on the physics of the interstellar medium.g alt;7 observer 5.3 Molecular line profile in an expanding envelope As the result of envelope expansion, the molecular lines observed in PN are often much wider than the thermal widths (AV) of the lines. Figure 5.2 shows a schematic diagramanbsp;...
|Title||:||The Origin and Evolution of Planetary Nebulae|
|Publisher||:||Cambridge University Press - 2007-08-11|