This dissertation describes the anti-colonial revolutionary activities of South Asians in Europe, East and West Asia and North America during the first few decades of the 20th Century, in the context of world-historical shifts wrought by the First World War and the Russian Revolution. A central character in the narrative is the Ghadar movement, based among immigrant laborers and students in California who attempted to liberate India through an armed uprising during the war. I focus upon the Indian revolutionaries' alliances both of instrumentality (sharing objectives) and affinity (sharing ideals) with various international actors and radical networks of the time, with particular attention to the complex interactions between the rhetoric and praxis of national liberation struggle, several forms of leftism, and Pan-Islamism. I argue that in addition to the Ghadar movement's contributions of prolific propaganda and celebrated action, its importance to the international movement was the role it played in facilitating links between these networks; and further, that what enabled Ghadar to serve that function was its eclectic synthesis of ideological elements and its unique conjunctural location.Both imperial Germany and communist Russia identified the Muslim world and/or the colonial worlda both vague and roomy categories ... any one limb a corresponding Venn diagram to be equated with any other, even if a given point was not in an overlapping section. ... by default, to the Muslim Peoples of the East , who had a key role to play in the united struggle against capitalism and imperialism.
|Title||:||'The Haj to Utopia': Anti-colonial Radicalism in the South Asian Diaspora, 1905--1930|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2008|