Early on the morning of December 13, 1981, General Wojciech Jaruzelski, the leader of the communist Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR), declared martial law, ending the so-called qPolish Crisis, q which began with the creation of the Independent Free Trade Union qSolidarnoscq in August 1980. Over the next eight years, the Communist government and the opposition struggled over power, culminating in 1989 with the creation of a Solidarnosc-led government which ended fifty year of Communist rule in Poland and led the way to further democratic revolutions throughout Eastern Europe. The purpose of this dissertation is to utilize newly available and underutilized archival sources as well as oral history interviews, from both international and American perspectives, to fully chronicle American policy toward Poland from the declaration of martial law until the creation of the Solidarnosc government.3a RFE broadcasts were also utilized to spread calls for strikes and demonstrations providing specific instructions such as where and when ... While at the Hoover lnstitutioii in November 2007. ... 53, CN ET, .lune I992), 9-24. as summarized by l\/lichacl Nelson in his laquot;Valt;ua#39; alt;i_/a#39;I/ie B/ll(a#39;/(1a#39;7a#39;(a#39;(I\aquot;La#39;I7. ... a#39;3a#39; Nelson , B/uck fleu\agt;ensa#39;. I58. When a democratic opposition emerged in Poland, the Polish Section. 204.
|Title||:||Supporting the Revolution: America, Democracy, and the End of the Cold War in Poland, 1981--1989|
|Author||:||Gregory F. Domber|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2008|