Police leaders have sought alternatives to lethal force and better methods to subdue individuals to limit injuries and death. In recent years, electro-muscular-disruption technology, also known as conducted energy devices (CEDs), have become the less-lethal weapon of choice for many law enforcement agencies. CED uses a high-voltage, low-power charge of electricity to induce involuntary muscle contractions that cause temporary incapacitation. However, a significant number of individuals have died after exposure to a CED. Some were normal healthy adults; others were chemically dependent or had heart disease or mental illness. This study addresses whether CEDs can contribute to or cause mortality and if so, in what ways.aInjury Profile of Electrical Conducted Energy Weapons, a Annals of Emergency Medicine 50 (3) (September 2007): S65. Bozeman, W.P. ... Dawes, D.M., J.D. Ho, M.A. Johnson, E. Lundin, and J.R. Miner. a15aSecond ... Harada, A., and T. Suzuki. aHomicidal Manual Strangulation and Multiple StunaGun Injuries, a The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology 13 (4) (December 1992): 320a323.
|Title||:||Study of Deaths Following Electro Muscular Disruption|
|Author||:||David W. Hagy|
|Publisher||:||DIANE Publishing - 2009-09|