They engaged home-weavers on a commission basis, supplied them with raw materials on credit and got the woven cloth back which was paid for in cash after deduction of the credit provided. In Indonesian the arrangement was called bakul , and came later to be known as peranlara. ... In 1937, it was estimated that about 35% of the hand looms at the Bandung plateau were controlled by Chinese capital.
|Title||:||State Bureaucracy and Capitalism in Rural West Java|
|Publisher||:||NIAS Press - 1991|