Between 1932 and 1953, a fleet of ordinary cargo ships was pressed into extraordinary service. The fleet's task was to relocate approximately one-million forced laborers to the Soviet Gulag in Kolyma, located along the Arctic Circle in far northeastern Siberia. Bollinger presents the often-horrific stories of the Gulag fleet and its passengers and reveals the unwitting role of the United States government in the operation.The record of Kulu after World War II is unclear, but the ship was evidently still in use in the late 1950s. It is listed in U.S. naval intelligence reports as part of the Soviet merchant fleet in 1945; it also appears in the 1952-53 Lloyda#39;s ... Kulu ended up serving as the offices for a search and rescue organization in the Russian Far East and also providing space for ... years of life, under tow from Vladivostok to the scrap yard, the hulk of the old Kulu sank in a typhoon in the Sea of Japan.
|Title||:||Stalin's Slave Ships|
|Author||:||Martin J. Bollinger|
|Publisher||:||Greenwood Publishing Group - 2003|