Force ratios are an important variable in warfare and in nature. On the Serengeti, large zebra herds are hunted by small prides of lions. But with their overwhelming majority, why donAit the zebras unite and attack the lions? Ecological interactions between predators and their prey are complex. The mathematics underlying different types of survival strategies for attacker and evader have been worked out by ecologists. While not a perfect metaphor, these quantitative ecology models greatly resemble behavioral interactions during counterinsurgency operations. This paper suggests a framework for other researchers to adapt and expand. Indeed, many of the models discussed are common to both ecologists and economists.Both traditional and modern books and manuals recommend a ratio ... One example is the recent thesis by Edward Evans and James Spies entitled, a Insurgency in the Hood: Understanding Insurgencies Through Urban Gangs.a19 The authors ... Finally, we can consider these questions: What does modeling COIN using ecology mean for warfighters or war planners? ... February 2008 Defense Horizons 7.

Title | : | So Many Zebras, So Little Time |

Author | : | Mark D. Drapeau, Robert E. Armstrong, Peyton C. Hurley |

Publisher | : | DIANE Publishing - 2008-06 |

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