The magnitude of self-presentation that occurs in laboratory settings is thought to be more extreme than that which occurs in field settings (e.g., Ones a Viswesvaran, 1998), calling into question the generalizability of laboratory research on self-presentation. As a further investigation into differences in the magnitude of self-presentation between laboratory and field settings, a meta-analysis was conducted. Initial analyses comparing all estimated effects from laboratory settings to all estimated effects from field settings demonstrated larger effects in the laboratory than in the field. Further analyses suggested that the magnitude of self-presentation in laboratory and field settings is moderated by several design factors. In lab studies, a trend for larger estimated effect sizes was found for studies using certain types of within-subjects designs and the pattern of the estimated magnitude of effects across traits varied as a function of the provided context (e.g., work versus non-work contexts). In field settings, analyses revealed a trend for larger self-presentation effects when applicant and incumbent samples are equivalent as compared to samples that are not equivalent. After accounting for moderator variables in lab and field settings, there were no systematic differences between lab and field studies. These results do not support the assumption that the magnitude of self-presentation that occurs in the lab overestimates that which occurs in the field. Differences in the magnitude of self-presentation in lab and field settings may be artifacts of differences in design choices across these two settings. Furthermore, the magnitude of self-presentation estimated is moderate to large in both settings. Implications for future self-presentation research are discussed.tend to suggest that more self-presentation occurs in the lab. However ... Other studies, however, have identified extraversion as important for customer service positions (e.g., Conte aamp; Gintoft, 2005; Furnham aamp; Coveney, 1996). It is possibleanbsp;...
|Title||:||Self-presentation on Personality Measures in Lab and Field Settings: A Meta-analysis|
|Author||:||Amy Christine Hooper|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2007|