Science Learning and Instruction describes advances in understanding the nature of science learning and their implications for the design of science instruction. The authors show how design patterns, design principles, and professional development opportunities coalesce to create and sustain effective instruction in each primary scientific domain: earth science, life science, and physical science. Calling for more in depth and less fleeting coverage of science topics in order to accomplish knowledge integration, the book highlights the importance of designing the instructional materials, the examples that are introduced in each scientific domain, and the professional development that accompanies these materials. It argues that unless all these efforts are made simultaneously, educators cannot hope to improve science learning outcomes. The book also addresses how many policies, including curriculum, standards, guidelines, and standardized tests, work against the goal of integrative understanding, and discusses opportunities to rethink science education policies based on research findings from instruction that emphasizes such understanding.When they only need to prepare for a single end of unit test, students rightfully argue that memorizing is successful ... forgetting what they learned, students perform better on delayed tests, than they did on unit tests (Chapter 8; Chiu, 2010 ).
|Title||:||Science Learning and Instruction|
|Author||:||Marcia C. Linn, Bat-Sheva Eylon|
|Publisher||:||Routledge - 2011-05-20|