To begin with, it encompasses some key ideas of setting high and explicit standards for student outcomes based on the ... Second, systemic reformers identify critical components of the system, and strive for alignment among the ... Thus, researchers document (Cuban, 1990; Fullan, 1993) how teachers leam to resist or ignore change, by closing their classroom doors. ... The fundamental question is how to be sure policy changes actually have salutory effects on classroom practiceanbsp;...
|Title||:||School reform and research in educational psychology|
|Author||:||Ronald W. Marx|
|Publisher||:||Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc Inc - 2000-10-01|