All Americans, liberal or conservative, religious or not, can agree that religious freedom, anchored in conscience rights, is foundational to the U.S. democratic experiment. But what freedom of conscience means, what its scope and limits are, according to the Constitutionathese are matters for heated debate. At a moment when such questions loom ever larger in the nationas contentious politics and fraught policy-making process, this timely book offers invaluable historical, empirical, philosophical, and analytical insight into the American constitutional heritage of religious liberty. As the contributors to this interdisciplinary volume attest, understanding religious freedom demands taking multiple perspectives. The historians guide us through the legacy of religious freedom, from the nationas founding and the rise of public education, through the waves of immigration that added successive layers of diversity to American society. The social scientists discuss the swift, striking effects of judicial decision making and the battles over free exercise in a complex, bureaucratic society. Advocates remind us of the tensions abiding in schools and other familiar institutions, and of the major role minorities play in shaping free exercise under our constitutional regime. And the jurists emphasize that this is a messy area of constitutional law. Their work brings out the conflicts inherent in interpreting the First Amendmentatensions between free exercise and disestablishment, between the legislative and judicial branches of government, and along the complex and ever-shifting boundaries of religion, state, and society. What emerges most clearly from these essays is how central religious liberty is to Americaas civic fabricaand how, under increasing pressure from both religious and secular forces, this First Amendment freedom demands our full attention and understanding.Floresin June 1997, whenthe status of the compelling interest testwas further muddied. ... Role in Protecting MinorityReligions from Majoritarian Rule, a Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 40 (2001), 427a44; Amy Adamczyk, ... See William G. McLoughlin, New England Dissent 1603a1833 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971). ... Aside from religious affiliation, legal period, and citing of the compelling interest test, the only other significant predictor waslevel of court.
|Title||:||Religious Freedom in America|
|Author||:||Allen D. Hertzke|
|Publisher||:||University of Oklahoma Press - 2015-01-13|