This book presents written versions of the eight lectures given during the AMS Short Course held at the Joint Mathematics Meetings in Washington, D.C. The objective of this course was to share with the scientific community the many exciting mathematical challenges arising from the new field of quantum computation and quantum information science. The course was geared toward demonstrating the great breadth and depth of this mathematically rich research field. Interrelationships with existing mathematical research areas were emphasized as much as possible. Moreover, the course was designed so that participants with little background in quantum mechanics would, upon completion, be prepared to begin reading the research literature on quantum computation and quantum information science. Based on audience feedback and questions, the written versions of the lectures have been greatly expanded, and supplementary material has been added. The book features an overview of relevant parts of quantum mechanics with an introduction to quantum computation, including many potential quantum mechanical computing devices; introduction to quantum algorithms and quantum complexity theory; in-depth discussion on quantum error correcting codes and quantum cryptography; and finally, exploration into diverse connections between quantum computation and various areas of mathematics and physics. This book is the companion volume to Quantum Computation and Quantum Information, CONM/305, Volume 305 in the Contemporary Mathematics series.Wiring diagrams have the advantage of being a simple means of describing some rather complicated unitary ... 11) s. 10) = 1) V2 V2 where we have used our indexing conventions First=Right=Bottom Last=Left=Top In fact, in the basis /\ a | 0)anbsp;...
|Author||:||American Mathematical Society. Short course, Samuel J. Lomonaco, American Mathematical Society|
|Publisher||:||American Mathematical Soc. - 2002|