aSprawla is one of the ugliest words in the American political lexicon. Virtually no one wants Americaas rural landscapes, farmland, and natural areas to be lost to bland, placeless malls, freeways, and subdivisions. Yet few of Americaas fast-growing rural areas have effective rules to limit or contain sprawl. Oregon is one of the nationas most celebrated exceptions. In the early 1970s Oregon established the nationas first and only comprehensive statewide system of land-use planning and largely succeeded in confining residential and commercial growth to urban areas while preserving the stateas rural farmland, forests, and natural areas. Despite repeated political attacks, the stateas planning system remained essentially politically unscathed for three decades. In the early- and mid-2000s, however, the Oregon public appeared disenchanted, voting repeatedly in favor of statewide ballot initiatives that undermined the ability of the state to regulate growth. One of Americaas most celebrated asuccess storiesa in the war against sprawl appeared to crumble, inspiring property rights activists in numerous other western states to launch copycat ballot initiatives against land-use regulation. This is the first book to tell the story of Oregonas unique land-use planning system from its rise in the early 1970s to its near-death experience in the first decade of the 2000s. Using participant observation and extensive original interviews with key figures on both sides of the stateas land use wars past and present, this book examines the question of how and why a planning system that was once the nationas most visible and successful example of a comprehensive regulatory approach to preventing runaway sprawl nearly collapsed. Planning Paradise is tough love for Oregon planning. While admiring much of what the stateas planning system has accomplished, Walker and Hurley believe that scholars, professionals, activists, and citizens engaged in the battle against sprawl would be well advised to think long and deeply about the lessons that the recent struggles of one of Americaas most celebrated planning systems may hold for the future of land-use planning in Oregon and beyond.Washington State Legislature, RCW 36.70A.020. 10. For a fuller discussion of these regional programs, see Mason (2008). 11. State of Colorado, a2009 real estate manual.a Online: http://www.dora.state .co.us/real-estate/manual/manual. htm.
|Author||:||Peter A. Walker, Patrick T. Hurley|
|Publisher||:||University of Arizona Press - 2011-05-15|