A quiet revolution has been taking place during the past three decades. The way that children enter families has changed radically among upper middle class families. In the 1980s infertility increasing became defined as a medical problem that could be solved with assisted reproductive technologies (ART) rather than through adoption. Asexual or aassisted conceptiona involving medical technologies such as in vitro fertilization and embryo transfers began to replace sexual reproduction for infertile couples. Third parties, referred to as surrogates are hired to assist individuals and/or couples who wish to conceive and child with whom they share a genetic tie. This has resulted in a asurrogate baby boom.a Outsourcing the Womb provides a critical introduction to the global surrogacy market. A comparative analysis of the assisted reproductive technology and surrogacy industry in Egypt, Israel, India and the United States disentangles the intersecting roles of race, religion, class inequality, religious law, and global capitalism. Gestational surrogacy challenges the idea of anaturala reproduction and of the meaning of parenthood. What role should the state play in providing individuals and families with access to reproductive technologies? This book concludes with a discussion of areproductive justicea. The goal of this new, unique series is to offer readable, teachable qthinking framesq on todayas social problems and social issues by leading scholars, all in short 60 page or shorter formats, and available for view on http://routledge.customgateway.com/routledge-social-issues.html For instructors teaching a wide range of courses in the social sciences, the Routledge Social Issues Collection now offers the best of both worlds: originally written short texts that provide qoverviewsq to important social issues as well as teachable excerpts from larger works previously published by Routledge and other presses.What role should the state play in providing individuals and families with access to reproductive technologies? This book concludes with a discussion of areproductive justicea.
|Title||:||Outsourcing the Womb|
|Author||:||France Winddance Twine|
|Publisher||:||Routledge - 2012-08-06|