Romanticism was not only heterogeneous and disunited. It also had to face the hostile counter-movement of the Enlightenment and Augustan Neoclassicism, still going strong at the time of and in the decades following the French Revolution due to support from the ruling Establishment (the ancien regime of the Crown and Church of England). Neoclassicists regarded Romanticism as a heteretical amalgam of dissenting new schools, which threatened the monopoly of the Classical Tradition. The acrimonious debates in aesthetics and politics were conducted with the traditional strategies of the classical ars disputandi on both sides. Under the duress of the heaviest satirical attacks, Romanticism began gradually to see itself as one movement, giving rise to the problematic opposition of Classical and Romantic. The construction of this rough divide, however, was indispensable for the clarification of different positions in the hubbub of conflicting voices, and has also proved critical in literary and cultural studies which cannot do without such subsumptions. The Classical Tradition, encompassing Christianity, emerges as an ongoing event from Greek and Latin antiquity running through to our time.... in the sense of independence of thought, analogous to independence in Whig and Radical politics, combined with a firm belief in the existence of new ideas and new truths. ... 596 Pope, An Essay on Criticism, 1711, line 298, in: Poems, 153.
|Title||:||Neoclassical Satire and the Romantic School 1780 - 1830|
|Author||:||Rolf P. Lessenich|
|Publisher||:||V&R unipress GmbH - 2012|