The point of departure in the present book is that the decision-makers involved in the evaluation of alternatives under conflicting criteria express their preferential judgement by estimating ratios of subjective values or differences of the corresponding logarithms, the so-called grades. Three MCDA methods are studied in detail; the Simple Multi-Attribute Rating Technique SMART, and the Additive and the Multiplicative AHP, both pairwise-comparison methods which do not suffer from the well-known shortcomings of the original Analytic Hierarchy Process. Context-related preference modeling on the basis of psychophysical research in visual perception and motor skills is extensively discussed in the introductory chapters. Thereafter many extensions of the ideas are presented via case studies in university administration, health care, environmental assessment, budget allocation, and energy planning at the national and the European level. The issues under consideration are: group decision-making with inhomogeneous power distributions, the search for a compromise solution, resource allocation and fair distribution, scenario analysis in long-term planning, conflict analysis via the pairwise comparison of concessions and multi-objective optimization. The final chapters are devoted to the fortunes of MCDA in the hands of its designers. Audience: The book presents methods for decision support and their applications in the fields of university administration, health care, environmental assessment, budget allocation, and strategic energy planning and will be of value to practitioners, students and researchers in these and related fields.Three Ford cars with widely varying engines under four quantitative criteria selected to minimize the consumer price and to maximize the ... to the performance data within the predetermined ranges (which do not depend on the alternatives in the actual decision problem). ... Criterion Grade Fiesta 1.3 Escort 1.6 Mondeo 1.8 44 kW 66 kW 85 kW Consumer price 9 25, 000 33, 000 40, 000 Maximum speed 5anbsp;...
|Title||:||Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis via Ratio and Difference Judgement|
|Author||:||Freerk A. Lootsma|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 1999-01-01|