From dirt bikes and jet skis to weed wackers and snowblowers, machines powered by small gas engines have become a permanentaand loudafixture in American culture. But fifty years of high-speed fun and pristine lawns have not come without cost. In the first comprehensive history of the small-bore engine and the technology it powers, Paul R. Josephson explores the political, environmental, and public health issues surrounding one of America's most dangerous pastimes. Each chapter tells the story of an ecosystem within the United States and the devices that wreak havoc on itapersonal watercraft (PWCs) on inland lakes and rivers; all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) in deserts and forests; lawn mowers and leaf blowers in suburbia. In addition to environmental impacts, Josephson discusses the development and promotion of these technologies, the legal and regulatory efforts made to improve their safety and environmental soundness, and the role of owners' clubs in encouraging responsible operation. Synthesizing information from medical journals, recent environmental research, nongovernmental organizations, and manufacturers, Josephson's compelling history leads to one irrefutable conclusion: these machines cannot be operated without loss of life and loss of habitat.their mud and water relatives ATVs and jet skis, were increasingly subject to product-safety recalls. ... of serious injuries involving snowmobile drive tracks, Kawasaki agreed to a $3 million to $4 million voluntary program to repair approximatelyanbsp;...
|Author||:||Paul R. Josephson|
|Publisher||:||JHU Press - 2007-08-22|