E4 Effect of the engine smoothness control ~I- a#39;lectronic open- and closed-loop control, gasoline engine a Actuators. ... The following lists some examples: ac Electronic throttle control (ETC) ac Injection valve ac Injection system (ignition coil and spark plug) ... Several release conditions must exist to successfully perform a restart a for example, the clutch pedal for manual transmissions or the brake pedal foranbsp;...
|Title||:||Modern Engine Technology|
|Author||:||Richard Van Basshuysen, Fred Schäfer|
|Publisher||:||Society of Automotive Engineers - 2007|