Biofilms are formed by microorganisms growing on surfaces and comprise a series of microcolonies interspersed with spaces through which fluids and other microorganisms move. In medicine, the primary problems are biofilms associated with implants: infections are increasingly difficult to treat with traditional antibiotics and removal of the implant often becomes essential, frequently leading to higher morbidity and mortality. * This will be the first book dedicated to medical biofilms. * It will cover much recent information on the problems of biofilms, how to detect them and how to control their presence.Neither manual nor sonic ultrasonic instrumentation alone ... in the composition of the microbial flora from predominantly Gram-negative organisms to predominantly Gram-positive, associated with gingival health (Listgarten 1976, Haffajee et al. ... and Cobb (1999) states that they have no advantages over manual instrumentation and frequently damage the root surface. Low-power lasers, however, may have application in the control of subgingival plaque and pathogens (see below).
|Title||:||Medical Biofilms, Detection, Prevention and Control|
|Author||:||Jana Jass, Susanne Surman, James Walker|
|Publisher||:||John Wiley & Sons - 2003-04-02|