After seven long years of economic malaise, it is clear that something has gone awry in Japan. Unless Japan undertakes sweeping reform, official forecasts now warn, growth will steadily dwindle. How could the world's most acclaimed economic miracle have stumbled so badly? As this important book explains, the root of the problem is that Japan is still mired in the structures, policies, and mental habits of the 1950s-1960s. Four decades ago while in the qcatch-upq phase of its economic evolution, policies that gave rise to qJapan, Incq. made a lot of sense. By the 1970s and 1980s, when Japan had become a more mature economy, qcatch-up economicsq had become passe, even counterproductive. Even worse, in response to the oil shocks, Japan increasingly used its industrial policy tools. not to promote qwinnersq, but to shield qlosersq from competition at home and abroad. Japan's well-known aversion to imports is part and parcel of this politically understandable, but economically self-defeating, pattern. The end result is a deformed qdual economyq unique in the industrial world. Now this qdualismq is sapping the strength of the entire economy. The protection of the weak is driving Japan's most inefficient companies to invest offshore instead of at home. Without sweeping reform, real recovery will prove elusive. The challenging thesis articulated in this book is receiving widespread media attention in the United States and Japan and is sure to provoke continuing debate and controversy.... they found: aIn five of the casesaautos, auto parts, metalworking, steel, and consumer electronicsalabor productivity in Japan is significantly higher than in the U.S. (by ... 1. Confidential interview with an executive of one of Japana#39;s leading electronics firms, February 1995. 2. Katz (1997b). ... As the yen goes up, the prices of a Toyota Camry or Honda Accord go up, and people switch to the Ford Taurus.
|Title||:||Japan, the System That Soured|
|Publisher||:||Routledge - 2015-03-04|