Long considered the bible of thoracic surgery, this comprehensive two-volume textbook guides you through virtually every open and endoscopic surgical technique with expert commentary by the leaders in thoracic surgery from around the world. Coverage includes extensive sections on lung cancer and other pulmonary tumors. All facets of thoracic disease are covered from anatomy and embryology to diagnostics, including extensive radiological sections. Multidisciplinary contributions on medical treatment, radiation oncology, and surgery and anesthesia are included. Highlights include new material on minimally invasive procedures and thoroughly updated diagnostic and treatment information. Operative checklists are included in procedural chapters, and procedures are presented as bulleted to-do lists wherever possible. A companion Website will offer the fully searchable text with all images and video clips of selected procedures.Kingdom by Doll and Hill.41 They interviewed 649 male and 60 female lung cancer subjects at 20 London hospitals and compared them with 1, 029 subjects who ... Tar is defined as the total particulate matter of cigarette smoke after nicotine and water have been removed. ... Repair processes may remove these DNA adducts and restore normal DNA, or cells with damaged DNA may undergo apoptosis.
|Title||:||General Thoracic Surgery|
|Author||:||Thomas W. Shields, Joseph LoCicero, Carolyn E. Reed, Richard H. Feins|
|Publisher||:||Lippincott Williams & Wilkins - 2011-12-21|