1. MEDICINE Illness, disease and disability plague man in every culture. But the form they take is not the same everywhere. Neither is man's reaction. Coping strategies, and the experience and knowledge backing them, depend very much on cultural setting. So medicine, the fabric of strategy and know ledge, can only be understood in the context of culture. In western society today, severe judgements are passed on medicine. Its store of knowledge and experience, and its repertory of strategies, have grown immensely during the last few decades. But it hardly alleviates dominant ailments, especially chronic diseases, diseases of old age and disturbances of social and mental functioning. We know that these ailments have come to the fore as the incidence of more qprimitiveq diseases declined in industrial societies. Infant deaths, and malnutrition and infections striking at young age, have dwindled to marginal significance in Western Europe and life expectancy at birth is twice that of some 150 years ago. Thus our new troubles are connected with past successes.Once the system is working under the influence of stress hormones, the resulting changes in brain chemistry assume a ... Notice how the mental and the physical are mixed in this passage. ... If the issue is forced into the open, the answers given by different people are very different. ... as biobehavorism to explain how organismic actions of one sort affect organismic actions of another sort (Engel, 1986, p.
|Title||:||Faces of Medicine|
|Author||:||W.J. van der Steen, P.J. Thung|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 2012-12-06|