The evolution of single cells into multicellular organisms was mediated, in large part, by the extracellular matrix. The proteins and glycoconjugates that make up the extracellular matrix provide structural support to cellular complexes, facilitate cell adhesion and migration, and impart mechanical properties that are important for tissue function. Each class of ECM macromolecule has evolved to incorporate distinctive properties that are defined by conserved modules that are mixed together to achieve appropriate function. This volume provides a comprehensive analysis of how the major ECM components evolved over time in order to fill their specific roles found in modern organisms. The major focus is on the structural matrix proteins, matricellular proteins, and more complex ECM structures such as basement membranes. Adhesive proteins and their receptors are also discussed.... diversity reveals the early emergence of A/C clades and the maintenance of the modular structure of type V/XI collagens from sponge to human. J Biol Chem 283:28226a28235 Exposito JY, Valcourt U, Cluzel C, Lethias C (2010) The fibrillar collagen family. ... Folgueras AR, Cabrera S, Lopez-Otin C (2010) Matrix metalloproteinases: evolution, gene regulation and functional analysis in mouse models.
|Title||:||Evolution of Extracellular Matrix|
|Author||:||Fred W. Keeley, Robert Mecham|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 2013-03-15|