The first chapter examines the impact of immunization program on women's outcomes such as fertility and birth spacing. What are the effects of childhood immunization program (UIP) on women's fertility and birth spacing? I examine the effect of this immunization program on women's subsequent fertility and birth spacing by exploiting district-by-cohort variation in exposure to the program. The results indicate that exposure of the first-born child to the immunization program reduces the likelihood of subsequent and cumulative fertility of women and increases the birth intervals between first and second births. The effects are more pronounced in urban areas. The significant program effect on fertility and birth intervals can be explained in terms of reduction in child mortality due to the immunization program. Kumar (2009) finds that UIP has a significant and negative effect on infant and under-five mortality.... of primary school completion (by 4.6 percentage points), had no impact on middle school completion and significantly ... and the primary, middle and secondary school indicator variables since the sample is conditional on being literate.
|Title||:||Essays on Childhood Immunization, Mortality, and Human Capital Accumulation: A Natural Experiment from India|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2009|