Chapter 1 investigates the employment effects of a mass roll-out of household electrification in rural South Africa. I exploit variation in electricity project placement and timing to estimate district fixed-effects models, and instrument for project placement using land gradient that affects the cost of grid expansion. My findings show that between 1996 and 2001, cooking with wood falls sharply in treated areas and lighting and cooking with electricity increase substantially. The results indicate asymmetric employment responses by gender: female employment rates increase by 13.5 percentage points in treated areas, while there are no significant male effects.... school before passing grade 10. There are no significant effects for girls. There is additionally no evidence that selective migration accounts for these results. These findings have important implications for young adults in the CAPS sample.
|Title||:||Essays in Development and Labor Economics|
|Author||:||Taryn Lee Dinkelman|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2008|