This book is the second, revised, edition of a text based on a report commissioned by the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA). The main purposes of this book are: to discuss the causes of environmental degradation from an economic perspective; to provide a conceptual framework for the organization of information in order to enhance environmental decision making; to provide an overview of economic methods that can assist in the evaluation of environmental costs and benefits; to give examples of applications of the theoretical methods described. Policy failures are often overlooked as an obstacle to efficient environmental management. Although the main emphasis in this book is on project level analysis, it is essential that such analyses be linked to an understanding of the (dis)incentives for environmental improvements that general economic and particular environmental policies provide. Another essential feature of the book is formed by the links provided between theory and empirical illustrations. It is hoped that these will illustrate the practical usefulness, as well as the difficulties, of applying economics to environmental problems. This new edition has been extended to include a chapter on management of environmental resources and environmental policy instruments. The chapter also includes a discussion on common property resources, a subject which was only briefly dealt with in the first edition of the book. Two case studies concerning policy failures have been added to the last chapter of the book.Second, a discount in the sales tax was introduced for cars with a catalytic converter. ... If an emission tax is fixed in nominal term, i.e. in $ per ton emitted, and there is a rapid inflation going on, then the emission tax will soon be eroded sinceanbsp;...
|Title||:||Environment and Development: An Economic Approach|
|Author||:||Jan Bojö, Karl-Göran Mäler, Lena Unemo|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 1992|