The concept of postdoctoral training came to science and engineering about a century ago. Since the 1960s, the performance of research in the United States has increasingly relied on these recent PhDs who work on a full-time, but on a temporary basis, to gain additional research experience in preparation for a professional research career. Such experiences are increasingly seen as central to careers in research, but for many, the postdoctoral experience falls short of expectations. Some postdocs indicate that they have not received the recognition, standing or compensation that is commensurate with their experience and skills. Is this the case? If so, how can the postdoctoral experience be enhanced for the over 40, 000 individuals who hold these positions at university, government, and industry laboratories? This new book offers its assessment of the postdoctoral experience and provides principles, action points, and recommendations for enhancing that experience.A Guide for Postdoctoral Scholars, Advisers, Institutions, Funding Organizations, and Disciplinary Societies Institute of Medicine, ... Institution Astronomy Chemistry Physics Sciences All Academic Institutions 357 3, 716 1, 859 15, 480 Top 25 Harvard University 11 115 44 ... Chapel Hill 60 16 218 Cornell University 63 48 156 University of Minnesota 6 47 21 249 University of Southern California 45 5 125 ... The time spent as postdocs began to lengthen, suggesting difficulty in finding jobs.
|Title||:||Enhancing the Postdoctoral Experience for Scientists and Engineers:|
|Author||:||Institute of Medicine, Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences|
|Publisher||:||National Academies Press - 2000-09-08|