This is the most comprehensive analysis yet available of EPA enforcement of the Clean Water Act and its amendments. The book uses extensive EPA data, including a survey of EPA and state-level environmental officials, to examine enforcement from the perspective of the enforcement personnel. Emphasis is on what is done, how it is done, and why. By combining detailed documentation of regulatory implementation with surveys of the views of federal and state officials, industry representatives, and environmental activists, this study illuminates a process of pragmatic enforcement--that is, the way bureaucrats actually do their jobs. The book --examines the operation of pollution control policy over two decades and several presidential administrations --shows the pragmatic nature of regulatory enforcement, mixing adherence with due discretion --considers the effectiveness of both punitive and incentive-based policies in different contexts.A week later a copy of the questionnaire with a cover letter and a self-addressed stamped envelope (SASE) was mailed. ... In particular, this improvement is due to the use of the total design method of data collection, a close-ended survey, ... Almost 53 percent of the baccalaureate degrees (28 of 53) are in an engineering field, with Chemical and Civil Engineering each accounting for 19 percent of these.
|Title||:||Enforcing the Law|
|Author||:||Susan Hunter, Richard W. Waterman|
|Publisher||:||M.E. Sharpe - 1996-01-01|