With production from unconventional rigs continuing to escalate and refineries grappling with the challenges of shale and heavier oil feedstocks, petroleum engineers and refinery managers must ensure that equipment used with todayas crude oil is protected from fouling deposits Crude Oil Fouling addresses this overarching challenge for the petroleum community with clear explanations on what causes fouling, current models and new approaches to evaluate and study the formation of deposits, and how todayas models could be applied from lab experiment to onsite field usability for not just the refinery, but for the rig, platform, or pipeline. Crude Oil Fouling is a must-have reference for every petroleum engineeras library that gives the basic framework needed to analyze, model, and integrate the best fouling strategies and operations for crude oil systems. Defines the most critical variables and events that cause fouling Explains the consequences of fouling and its impact on operations, safety, and economics Provides the technical models available to better predict and eliminate the potential for fouling in any crude systemDeposit Characterization, Measurements, and Modeling Francesco Coletti, Geoffrey Hewitt. where~r was the nondimensional radial coordinate used to solve the moving boundary problem. It should ... The first was a simple linear model that assumed a growth of the surface roughness, e, as proportionally to the thickness of the fouling layer ... (2009) went a step further by coupling not only heat and mass but also the momentum balances inside a square channel using CFD techniques.
|Title||:||Crude Oil Fouling|
|Author||:||Francesco Coletti, Geoffrey Hewitt|
|Publisher||:||Gulf Professional Publishing - 2014-11-20|