Information technology (IT) is widely understood to be the enabling technology of the 21st century. IT has transformed, and continues to transform, all aspects of our lives: commerce and finance, education, employment, energy, health care, manufacturing, government, national security, transportation, communications, entertainment, science, and engineering. IT and its impact on the U.S. economy-both directly (the IT sector itself) and indirectly (other sectors that are powered by advances in IT)--continue to grow in size and importance. In 1995, the National Research Council's Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) produced the report Evolving the High Performance Computing and Communications Initiative to Support the Nation's Information Infrastructure. A graphic in that report, often called the qtire tracksq diagram because of its appearance, produced an extraordinary response by clearly linking government investments in academic and industry research to the ultimate creation of new information technology industries with more than $1 billion in annual revenue. Used in presentations to Congress and executive branch decision makers and discussed broadly in the research and innovation policy communities, the tire tracks figure dispelled the assumption that the commercially successful IT industry is self-sufficient, underscoring through long incubation periods of years and even decades. The figure was updated in 2002, 2003, and 2009 reports produced by the CSTB. With the support of the National Science Foundation, CSTB updated the tire tracks figure. Continuing Innovation in Information Technology includes the updated figure and a brief text based in large part on prior CSTB reports.Committee on Depicting Innovation in Information Technology, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, Division on ... NRC/CSTB, 2010, Critical Code: Software Producibility for Defense, The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C., p. ... Angeles, the Cali- fornia Institute of Technology, and the University of Southern California); northern California (the University of California , Berkeley, anbsp;...
|Title||:||Continuing Innovation in Information Technology|
|Author||:||Committee on Depicting Innovation in Information Technology, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council|
|Publisher||:||National Academies Press - 2012-07-23|