The pKa of a compound describes its acidity or basicity and, therefore, is one of its most important properties. Its value determines what form of the compoundapositive ion, negative ion, or neutral speciesawill be present under different circumstances. This is crucial to the action and detection of the compound as a drug, pollutant, or other active chemical agent. In many cases it is desirable to predict pKa values prior to synthesizing a compound, and enough is now known about the salient features that influence a moleculeas acidity to make these predictions. Computational Approaches for the Prediction of pKa Values describes the insights that have been gained on the intrinsic and extrinsic features that influence a moleculeas acidity and discusses the computational methods developed to estimate acidity from a compoundas molecular structure. The authors examine the strengths and weaknesses of the theoretical techniques and show how they have been used to obtain information about the acidities of different classes of chemical compounds. The book presents theoretical methods for both general and more specific applications, covering methods for various acids in aqueous solutionsaincluding oxyacids and related compounds, nitrogen acids, inorganic acids, and excited-state acidsaas well as acids in nonaqueous solvents. It also considers temperature effects, isotope effects, and other important factors that influence pKa. This book provides a resource for predicting pKa values and understanding the bases for these determinations, which can be helpful in designing better chemicals for future uses.Charles Shields, an electrical engineer holding many patents, nurtured my early interests in science. ... I owe a special thanks to Steve Schultz and Anna DiGabriele, who were great to work with and are wonderful ... with colleagues such as Mike Kash, Laura Kately, Bill Martin, and Lee Thompson; Billa#39;s words of wisdom in particular guide me to this day. ... at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, and Karl helped immensely when he rejoined my lab as a senioranbsp;...
|Title||:||Computational Approaches for the Prediction of pKa Values|
|Author||:||George C. Shields, Paul G. Seybold|
|Publisher||:||CRC Press - 2013-12-07|