Excerpt: ...which finely 12 elucidates the original Sentiment;--In short, it is the Excellence of Wit, to present the first Image again to your mind, with new unexpected Clearness and Advantage. It is also proper to add, that there may be Wit in a Picture, Landscape, or in any Prospect, where a gay unexpected Assemblage of similar, or opposite Objects, is presented. Judgment, is the Faculty of discerning the various Dimensions, and Differences, of Subjects. Invention is the Faculty of finding out new Assortments, and Combinations, of Ideas. Humour is any whimsical Oddity or Foible, appearing in the Temper or Conduct of a Person in real Life. This whimsical Oddity of Conduct, which generally arises from the strange Cast, or Turn of Mind of a queer Person, may also result from accidental Mistakes and Embarrassments between other Persons; who being misled by a wrong Information and Suspicion in regard to a Circumstance, shall act towards each other upon this Occasion, in the same odd whimsical manner, as queer Persons. If a Person in real Life, discovers any odd and remarkable Features of Temper or Conduct, I call such a Person in the Book of Mankind, a Character. So that the chief Subjects of Humour are Persons in real Life, who are Characters. 13 It is easy to be perceived, that Humour, and Wit are extremely different. Humour appears only in the Foibles and whimsical Conduct of Persons in real Life; Wit appears in Comparisons, either between Persons in real Life, or between other Subjects. Humour is the whimsical Oddity, or Foible, which fairly appears in its Subject, of itself; whereas Wit, is the Lustre which is thrown upon one Subject, by the sudden Introduction of another Subject. To constitute Humour, there need be no more than one Object concern'd, and this must be always some Person in real Life;--whereas to produce Wit, there must be always two Objects arranged together, and either or both of these may be inanimate. However, though Humour and Wit...If a Person in real Life, discovers any odd and remarkable Features of Temper or Conduct, I call such a Person in the Book of Mankind, a Character.
|Title||:||An Essay Towards Fixing the True Standards of Wit, Humour, Railery, Satire, and Ridicule (1744)|
|Publisher||:||Rarebooksclub.com - 2010-03|